Different Types Of Edible Indoor Plants

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Growing plants indoors can have many benefits, but we would have to say the best type of benefit is being able to eat what is grown from the plant. Being able to grow plants indoors and be able to harvest a crop is so convenient when we like to eat healthy. Here are some great tips along with different indoor plants either in your home or in a greenhouse. If you have different types of plants that you have tried feel free to let us know!

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Photo by: Maja Dumat

General Growing Tips

Here are a few tips that will be handy no matter which plants you choose to grow.

  • All of these require well-draining soil, which means you either need a pot with holes or some stones in the bottom of pot before adding soil so water can drain. If you choose a pot with holes, be sure to put shallow container under the pot so water doesn’t drain onto floor.
  • For each of these, feel free to purchase potting mix at a garden center or make your own.
  • Many of these plants grow best in areas that receive lots of sunlight and remain fairly warm throughout day. Sunny windows are extremely helpful for growing plants indoors.

Fruits and Veggies

  • Avocados
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Photo by: skyseeker

Why They’re Healthy: Avocados are full of healthy fats in addition to vitamins E and B6 and carotenoids, which are high in vitamin A and been linked to a reduced risk of cancer, heart disease, and eye degeneration.

How to Grow: It’s possible to grow from an avocado pit, but doing so may not yield edible fruit. If you want to eat what you sow, it’s best to purchase a dwarf avocado plant (varieties that yield the larger green-skinned fruit or the more common black-skinned fruits). Add some sand to the bottom of large, well-draining pot before filling it with regular potting mix and planting tree. Water the tree regularly but make sure never soggy — avocado roots don’t take well to being waterlogged. Prune shoots regularly, and be sure to place in area with high ceilings — even dwarf trees can grow 10 feet!

How to Harvest: Green varieties are ready to harvest when fruits’ skin turns slightly yellow, while darker varieties are ready when skins have turned almost black. Ripe fruits can be left hanging for a few weeks, but any longer and they’ll lose flavor and texture.

  • Carrots
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Photo by: missellyrh

Why They’re Healthy: Carrots are a good source of a variety of vitamins and minerals, including thiamin, niacin, folate, manganese, potassium, and vitamins B6, A, C, and K. They also supply carotenoids.

How to Grow: Purchase seeds and pot or window box that’s at least a foot and a half deep and wide, with drainage holes at the bottom. Fill container to within an inch of the top with humus-rich potting mix. Water soil before planting the seeds. Plant the seeds one inch apart in rows that are six inches apart from each other, pressing seeds gently into soil and covering with a thin layer of soil. Water. Place container in area that receives tons of light. Keep soil moist, but not soaked. Expect seeds to germinate in about two weeks.

How to Harvest: Carrots are ready when grown to about ¾ of an inch across the top just below green stem. If you can’t see the carrot itself, gently brush soil around stem so you can size it up. Though it may be tempting to see how big carrots can get, they’ll start to lose sweetness and flavor once surpassed peak size. To pick carrots, grab firmly at the root and wiggle around a bit, then pull straight up. If you find the soil is quite hard, water and wait an hour or so before retrying. Once carrots have been pulled from soil, remove greens immediately, wipe off excess dirt, and let dry before storing in fridge.

 

Check out page 2 for more!

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